An exceptional environment

The fauna

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The Mont Blanc Space fauna is varied:  all the main species characteristic of the western side of the Alps are present. This short description will only mention mammals and birds, which in general are more interesting for excursionists.

Just like the flora, even the fauna is roughly distributed according to the levels in altitude, and it displays adaptations to a type of environment or to a specific vegetal covering. In spite of this, some species explore the territory, moving into different, even distant, environments. This is the case of the fox, which can be found in the agglomerates of the valley bottom and also in high altitude meadows, or the Chamois, that frequents both meadows and woods. In spite of this, the animals are mainly tied to a specific habitat, and it is there that we must look for them.

In the subalpine level, in addition to the abovementioned Chamois, there are also two other great herbivores:  the Deer and the Roe deer. In these places the Squirrel, the great red Woodpecker, the green Woodpecker and the black Woodpecker are common.

The area between the high part of the forest and the shrubs that announce the alpine meadowland is inhabited by the mountain Pheasant. During the spring, the males of this species fight for the females with characteristic parades and, at times, true physical contact.

The meadows and the crushed stone of the alpine level are frequented by Rock goats, Golden eagles and the main source of food during the warm season, the Marmot.

Thanks to an international reintroduction project that was started in the 1980s, today it is possible to see the majestic Bearded Vulture flying above the valleys of the Mont Blanc Space, a bird that had disappeared from the alpine arch at the start of the century.

The rigid environments of the altitude level host three species that change colour according to the season: the Mountain hare, the Stoat and the Rock Ptarmigan.

The nival level is too harsh for superior animals:  above all during the summer it is possible to see the Alpine chough and the Tichodroma muraria (Wallcreeper).